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This monthly podcast looks back at the pop culture of Generation X, from an African-American perspective.

Jul 1, 2020

Topics: WTC Bombing, Urban Fashion, Dr. Dre, Menace II Society, Living Single (Bonus Artist: Luck)

"1993: The Year Hip-Hop And R&B Conquered The World"

1993 was a historically transformative period for hip-hop and rhythm and blues. When VIBE Magazine dropped its iconic black and white debut issue in September of 1993—featuring a ridiculously fresh faced Snoop Doggy Dogg gracing the landmark cover—it was yet another reminder how ubiquitous urban culture had become.

1993: Hip Hop Artist that released albums
A Tribe Called Quest / Bone Thugs-n-Harmony / Cypress Hill / De La Soul / Digable Planets / Digital Underground / DJ Jazzy Jeff & The Fresh Prince / Eazy-E / Fat Joe / Geto Boys / Heavy D & the Boyz / Ice Cube / Ice-T / Insane Clown Posse / Jodeci / Jungle Brothers / Kid Rock / Kris Kross / KRS-One / LL Cool J / Luke / MC Lyte / Naughty by Nature / Onyx / Queen Latifah / Run-D.M.C. / Salt-n-Pepa / Shaquille O'Neal / Snoop Dogg / Tag Team / The Roots / Too Short / Tupac / Wu-Tang Clan / Yo-Yo

Next recording: Sunday June, 28th 2020

Decatur / Tulsa - 12 noon
Denver - 11a
California - 10a

Social - World Trade Center bombing
Social - Urban fashion

Music - The Chronic, by Dr. Dre
Movies - Menace II Society
TV - Living Single

1. 1993 notes

2. Bill Clinton, President

3. Feb – Former tennis player Arthur Ashe, 49, dies of the AIDS virus in New York. Ashe was believed to have contracted the virus from a blood transfusion during a heart surgery ten years earlier.

4. Feb – World Trade Center bombing: In New York City, a van bomb parked below the North Tower of the World Trade Center explodes, killing six and injuring over 1,000.

5. Feb – Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms agents raid the Branch Davidian compound in Waco, Texas, with a warrant to arrest leader David Koresh on federal firearms violations. Four agents and five Davidians die in the raid and a 51-day standoff begins.

6. Mar - ESPN holds the first ever ESPY Awards.

7. Apr – The Kuwaiti government claims to uncover an Iraqi assassination plot against former U.S. President George H. W. Bush shortly after his visit to Kuwait. Two Iraqi nationals confess to driving a car bomb into Kuwait on behalf of the Iraqi Intelligence Service.

8. Apr - Colorado Rockies becomes a baseball team

9. Jun - The final episode of Soul Train with Don Cornelius as host airs.

10. Jul – U.S. President Bill Clinton announces his 'Don't ask, don't tell' policy regarding homosexuals serving in the American military.

11. Sep – PLO leader Yasser Arafat and Israeli prime minister Yitzhak Rabin shake hands in Washington D.C., after signing a peace accord.

12. Oct – A large scale battle erupts between U.S. forces and local militia in Mogadishu, Somalia; eighteen Americans and over 1,000 Somalis are killed. The assault was planned to include an air and ground phase. As the mission was ongoing, Somali forces shot down two American Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk helicopters using RPG-7s. A desperate defense of the downed helicopters began, which would become dramatized in the 2001 film Black Hawk Down. Fighting lasted through the night to defend the survivors of the crashes, including the insertion of two sniper commandos who would be posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor. In the morning, a UNOSOM II armored convoy fought their way to the helicopters, incurring further casualties but eventually rescuing the survivors.

13. Nov – President Clinton signs the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act into law, requiring purchasers of handguns to pass a background check.

14. Open Comments:

15. Top 3 Pop Songs

16. #1. "I Will Always Love You" Whitney Houston

17. #2. "Whoomp! (There It Is)" Tag Team

18. #3. "Can't Help Falling in Love" UB40

19. Record of the Year: "I Will Always Love You", Whitney Houston

20. Album of the Year: The Bodyguard: Original Soundtrack Album

21. Song of the Year: "A Whole New World" by Peabo Bryson & Regina Belle

22. Best New Artist: Toni Braxton

23. Best R&B Vocal Performance, Female: Toni Braxton for "Another Sad Love Song"

24. Best R&B Vocal Performance, Male: Ray Charles for "A Song for You"

25. Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group: Sade for "No Ordinary Love"

26. Best Rhythm & Blues Song: "That's the Way Love Goes" by Janet Jackson

27. Best Rap Solo Performance: Dr. Dre for "Let Me Ride"

28. Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group: Digable Planets for "Rebirth of Slick (Cool Like Dat)"

29. Top 3 movies

30. #1. Jurassic Park

31. #2. Mrs. Doubtfire

32. #3. The Fugitive

33. Notables: CB4, Groundhog Day, The Crying Game, Falling Down, Indecent Proposal, Who's the Man?, Sleepless in Seattle, Poetic Justice, Carlito's Way, A Bronx Tale

34. Top 3 TV Shows

35. #1. 60 Minutes

36. #2. Home Improvement

37. #3. Seinfeld

38. Debuts: Living Single (Forgot to Mention "Martin" debut for 1992)

39. Economic Snapshots

40. Avg. Income: 31k (30k - previously)

41. New Home: 113k (122.5k)

42. Avg Rent: 532 (519)

43. New Car: 12.7k (16.9k)

44. Harvard: 23.5k (15.4k)

45. Movie Ticket: 4.14 (4.25)

46. Gas: 1.16 1.05 (1.05)

47. Stamp: .29 (.29)

48. Social Scene: WTC Bombing

49. A 1,200-pound bomb in a Ryder rental truck parked in a parking garage beneath the World Trade Center exploded. The explosion created a hole about 6 stories deep. An estimated 50,000 people were evacuated, yet only 6 people died.

50. Ramzi Yousef directed the organization and execution of the bombing. He said he did it to avenge the sufferings Palestinian people had endured at the hands of US-aided Israel. He is the nephew of Khalid Shaikh Mohammed - the accused mastermind of the 2001 attacks on New York and Washington that killed nearly 3,000 people and ultimately brought down the World Trade Center.

51. Timeline

52. February 26, 1993 - At 12:18 p.m. ET, a bomb explodes on the second subterranean level of Vista Hotel's public parking garage, below the 2 World Trade Center building.

53. February 28, 1993 - The FBI confirms that a bomb caused the explosion. In the wreckage, federal agents find shattered van parts with a vehicle identification number.

54. March 4, 1993 - Mohammad Salameh is arrested after he claims a refund on a rented van authorities believe carried the explosives. 6 More arrested over next 8 months.

55. March 29, 1993 - The World Trade Center re-opens.

56. August 25, 1993 - Sheik Omar Abdel-Rahman (The Blind Sheik) an Egyptian cleric who emigrated to the United States, is indicted for involvement for in the terrorist plot. Some of the 1993 bombing suspects frequented the New Jersey mosque where he preached.

57. February 7, 1995 - Suspected WTC bombing mastermind Yousef is captured abroad by the FBI and State Department.

58. October 1995 - Abdel-Rahman is convicted of seditious conspiracy and sentenced to life in prison.

59. January 8, 1998 - After being convicted, Yousef is sentenced to 240 years in prison for his role in organizing the bombing. "I am a terrorist and proud of it," he tells the court. He has been locked away in solitary confinement at the federal "Supermax" prison in Florence, Colorado, since 1998.

60. February 18, 2017 - Abdel-Rahman, the blind Egyptian-born cleric who inspired terrorist plots including the 1993 World Trade Center bombing, passes away in an American prison at the age of 78.

61. Question: What do you remember about this attack and/or the 9/11 attack?

62. Social Scene (2) Urban Wear / Street gear explosion

63. First generation of hip-hop acts dressed like the top RnB acts that influenced them: Classic Motown, Rick James, Michael Jackson, Prince, George Clinton, etc...

64. 1983: Run-DMC set a new standard in hip-hop fashion, choosing casual wear like adidas sneakers and Kangol hats over suits, fancy shoes and other expensive gear. They popularized, the B-Boy look of bucket hats, sneakers, and gold chains.

65. Mid 80's Dapper Dan, born Daniel Day, a haberdasher who would import bootlegged fabrics or screen-print logos onto luxury leather, then turn them into one-of-a-kind, street-inflected pieces. His boutique, operated from 1982–92 and is most associated with introducing high fashion (opposite Run-DMC's casual style) to the hip hop world, with high profile clients over the years including Eric B. & Rakim, Salt-N-Pepa, & LL Cool J.

66. 1984-1992: Tommy Hilfiger & Polo Ralph Lauren: Between 1984 and 1989, Ralph Lauren was king of the hip-hop culture. When Tommy Hilfiger was released in the early 1990s, both brands battled each other for the hearts of musicians and the attention of hip-hop fans around the world. In 1992, Grand Puba wrote lyrics for the Mary J. Blige’s song “What’s the 411?” and mentioned Hilfiger because that’s what he was repping at the time. Puba said he gave a shout-out to the brand because rap artists recognized “whatever’s fresh, whatever’s dope.”

67. 1990: Founded in 1989, Cross Colours was geared toward young African Americans to help promote pride in their ethnicity. Based on the principle of “clothes without prejudice,” Cross Colours is one of the most iconic brands to embrace hip-hop culture. In 1990, on the first season of the hit primetime television show The Fresh Prince of Bel Air, lead actor Will Smith wore a series of boldly hued and geometric looks designed by the young Los Angeles–based urban apparel line. African American-owned, founded by Carl Jones and T.J. Walker, the brand quickly skyrocketed. Soon, it was being worn by almost every musical icon of the era. Snoop Dogg, Tupac, Run DMC, Dr. Dre, Lil Kim, Mary J. Blige, members of TLC, television show In Living Color, and Muhammad Ali.

68. 1993: With the mainstream success of hip-hop, street gear/urban wear sales exploded and legitimized "Urban" fashion as a legitimate niche for major retail outlets.

69. Notable brands: Pelle (1978), Karl Kani (1989), Phat Farm (1992), PNB Nation (1992), Fubu (1992), Ecko Unlimited (1993), Mecca (1994), Enyce (1996), Sean John (1998), Rocawear (1999)

70. Question: What old-school gear/style would you still rock today?

71. Music Scene:

72. Black Songs from the top 40

73. #1. "I Will Always Love You" Whitney Houston

74. #2. "Whoomp! (There It Is)" Tag Team

75. #4. "That's the Way Love Goes" Janet Jackson

76. #5. "Freak Me" Silk

77. #6. "Weak" SWV

78. #7."If I Ever Fall in Love" Shai

79. #8. "Dreamlover" Mariah Carey

80. #9. "Rump Shaker" Wreckx-n-Effect

81. #10. "Informer" Snow

82. #11. "Nuthin' but a 'G' Thang" Dr. Dre

83. #12. "In the Still of the Nite" Boyz II Men

84. #13. "Don't Walk Away" Jade

85. #14. "Knockin' da Boots" H-Town

86. #15. "Lately" Jodeci

87. #16. "Dazzey Duks" Duice

88. #17. "Show Me Love" Robin S.

89. #18. "A Whole New World" Peabo Bryson and Regina Belle

90. #19. "If" Janet Jackson

91. #20. "I'm So Into You" SWV

92. #21."Love Is" Vanessa Williams and Brian McKnight

93. #23. "I'll Never Get Over You (Getting Over Me)" Exposé

94. #24. "Ditty" Paperboy

95. #25. "Rhythm Is a Dancer" Snap!

96. #29. "Right Here" SWV

97. #30. "I Have Nothing" Whitney Houston

98. #31. "Mr. Wendal" Arrested Development

99. #33. "Saving Forever for You" Shanice

100. #35. "If I Had No Loot" Tony! Toni! Toné!

101. #37. "Slam" Onyx

102. #38. "Looking Through Patient Eyes" P.M. Dawn

103. #39. "I'm Every Woman" Whitney Houston

104. #40. "Baby I'm Yours" Shai

105. Vote:

106. Number One RnB Albums

107. Jan The Bodyguard - Soundtrack / Whitney Houston

108. Feb The Chronic - Dr. Dre

109. Mar 19 Naughty III - Naughty by Nature

110. Mar Till Death Do Us Part - Geto Boys

111. Apr Loose Control - Silk

112. Apr 14 Shots to the Dome - LL Cool J

113. May Down with the King - Run-D.M.C.

114. May Fever for Da Flavor - H-Town

115. Jun janet. - Janet Jackson

116. June 26 Menace II Society - Soundtrack / Various artists

117. Aug Black Sunday - Cypress Hill

118. Sep The World Is Yours - Scarface

119. Sep Music Box - Mariah Carey

120. Oct Toni Braxton - Toni Braxton

121. Oct 187, He Wrote - Spice 1

122. Nov It's On (Dr. Dre) 187um Killa - Eazy-E

123. Nov Get in Where You Fit In - Too Short

124. Nov Midnight Marauders - A Tribe Called Quest

125. Dec Shock of the Hour - MC Ren

126. Dec Doggystyle - Snoop Doggy Dogg

127. Dec Lethal Injection - Ice Cube

128. Vote:

129. Music Scene: The Chronic by Dr. Dre, (@age 28 yrs. old)

130. Bio: Dr Dre (Andre Romelle Young) is an American rapper, producer and entrepreneur. He is the CEO of Aftermath Entertainment.

131. His initial stint with music was as a DJ in the local club, The Eve After Dark. It was during this time that he took up the moniker Dr Dre that has lived with him all through. In 1984, Dre began his musical career as a member of the musical group, World Class Weckin’ Cru. The group soon dominated the electro-hop scene in the West Coast with their first single, ‘Surgery’ selling more than 50,000 copies within Compton alone. In 1986, he along with Eazy-E, Ice Cube and DJ Yella formed the local gangsta rap group N.W.A. (Niggaz for Life). N.W.A worked on the themes of urban crime and gang lifestyle. Their lyrics were harsh and overt, and brought to mainstream America the slice of ‘real’ life on streets. N.W.A’s debutant studio album, ‘Straight Outta Compton’ met with blockbuster success, selling more than 2 million copies. Its single, ‘Fuck Tha Police’ explored the tension between black youth and police officials. In 1991, the group released its second album, ‘Efil4zaggin’ before disbanding. In 1991, he co-founded Death Row Records with Sue Knight. In 1992, he released his first single, which served as the title track for the film ‘Deep Cover’. The single featured the debut of rapper Snoop Dogg as well.

132. In 1993, Dre made the big leap of his career with his maiden album, ‘The Chronic’. Its singles, ‘Nuthin’ but a ‘G’ Thang’, ‘Let Me Ride’, ‘Fuck with Dre Day’ created a revolution in the music industry, making the album a cultural phenomenon. The album with its G-funk sound dominated the hip hop music for the early 1990s.Following success as a rapper, he switched to being a producer. He produced Snoop Dogg’s debut album, ‘Doggystyle’, Tupac Shakur’s work, ‘All Eyez on Me’ and several film songs.
133. In 1996, following contractual dispute, he left Death Row Records for good. Same year, he set up his own label, Aftermath Entertainment in connection with Interscope Records.

134. Audio clip 1 - Review

135. Audio clip 2 - Jimmy Iovine

136. Question: Are you tired of Ganster Rap? If so, when and why?

137. Movie Scene: Menace II Society

138. Audio Clip Trailer

139. Firmly established "Hood" films as commercially viable, just like fashion.

140. Question: which of the following is your favorite "hood" film?

141. Colors, 1988 / King Of New York, 1990 / Boyz N The Hood, 1991 / Juice, 1992 / New Jack City, 1992 / South Central, 1992 / Deep Cover 1992 / Menace II Society, 1993 / Poetic Justice, 1993 / Sugar Hill, 1993 / Strapped, 1993 / CB4*, 1993

142. Soon to come: Fresh (1994) / Above the Rim (1994) / Friday (1995) / Higher Learning (1995) / New Jersey Drive (1995) / Set It Off (1996) / Dead Presidents (1995) / Hoodlum (1997) / The Players Club (1998) / Belly (1998) / In Too Deep (1999)

143. TV Scene: Living Single, starring Queen Latifah (@ 23 yrs. old)

144. Audio clip Theme song

145. Queen Latifah is an American singer, songwriter, rapper, actress, record producer and talk show host

146. Dana Elaine Owens was born on 18th March 1970 in Newark, New Jersey, to Lance and Rita Owens. Her father was in police services. Her parents got divorced when she was eight. She was raised by her mother in Baptist faith. Her mother played a catalyst role in her music career. She had an older brother, Lance Owens, who also worked in police service. He died in a motorbike accident in 1992. This motorbike was presented to him by Latifah. She attended Catholic School in Newark, New Jersey. During her high school days, she was part of girls’ basketball team. She began rapping during high school. She formed her first rap group ‘Ladies Fresh’ when she was in junior year. She met local DJ Mark James. He formed a group named ‘Flavor Unit’ of which Latifah was the original member. James made a demo record of Latifah's rap ‘Princess of the Posse’. This recording caught attention of ‘Tommy Boy Music’ who immediately signed Latifah. In 1988, this music company offered her first single, ‘Wrath of My Madness’. The song got a positive response and she got an opportunity of a European tour and to perform at the ‘Apollo Theater’. In 1989, when she was just 19 years old, Latifah released her first album, ‘All Hail to the Queen’, which went on to sell more than 1 million copies.

147. Queen invested her money in a small video store on the ground floor of her apartment. She elevated this business to turn it into a record production company. In 1991, when she was just 21 years old, she rolled out ‘Flavor Unit Records and Management Company’ in New Jersey in partnership with her old friend Shakim Compere. She became the CEO of this company. In the same year, she also tried her hands at acting. She debuted in inter-racial romance drama ‘Jungle Fever’. In 1992, she appeared in crime thriller ‘Juice’.

148. Soon she grabbed a leading role in the groundbreaking a sitcom ‘Living Single’.

149. By late 1993, her record company signed 17 rap groups. One of these groups, ‘Naughty by nature’, was extraordinarily successful. In the same year, this company released, album ‘Black Reign’.

150. audio clip - Friends vs Living Single

151. Question: Did Friends have any character that was better than Living Single?

152. Vote: Best/most important/favorite pop culture item from 1993?