Feb - Newspaper heiress Patricia Hearst kidnapped. 2 months
later she participates in a bank robbery.
Apr - Hank Aaron of the Atlanta Braves breaks Babe Ruth's home
Jul - Watergate scandal: The House Judiciary Committee adopts 3
articles of impeachment, charging President Nixon with obstruction
of justice, failure to uphold laws, and refusal to produce
Aug - Richard Nixon resigns as President of the United States.
President Gerald Ford is sworn in. Ford later pardons Nixon for any
crimes Nixon may have committed while in office.
Sep - Stuntman Evel Knievel fails in his attempt to rocket
across the Snake River Canyon in Idaho.
Oct -The Rumble in the Jungle. Muhammad Ali knocks out George
Foreman to regain the Heavyweight title, which had been stripped
from him 7 years earlier.
Gail Cobb (@24yrs), Black Washington D.C. police officer: The
first U.S. woman police officer killed in the line of duty.
Maya Angelou: Gather Together in My Name, the second of seven
James Baldwin: If Beale Street Could Talk, a love story set in
Harlem in the early 1970's.
Reader's Digest publishes the first excerpts from Roots in May
and June. They said it was an epic work, "destined to become a
classic of American literature."
Univ. of Penn publishes a study concluding IQ tests are biased
Cicely Tyson 2 Emmys for The Autobiography of Miss Jane.
Richard Pryor Emmy for Lily Tomlins TV special
Social Scene: Sisters Gonna Work It Out
Social Scene: Women's issues
Sept: President Gerald Ford meets with women's groups and
it was the first time a president of NOW had been invited to the
Apr - The first industry-wide race and sex discrimination
settlement, steel companies settled with the Labor Department for
approximately $56 million.
May - AT&T signed a $30 million consent decree with the
EEOC for back pay to victims of sex discrimination. Companies
agreed to equalize starting salaries for men and women and
guarantee that both sexes would receive equal pay in promotions. It
provided May - Bank of America agrees to pay $10 million in
compensatory salary increases to its women employees.
Jul - Eleven women were ordained as the first female
priests of the Episcopal Church.
Mar - Helen Thomas named White House reporter for UPI. It was
the first time a woman had held such a position.
Apr. - Julia Phillips wins Oscar for "The Sting.", the first by
a woman movie producer.
Aug - The Fair Housing Act of 1968 extended to prohibit
discrimination based on sex.
Oct - The Equal Credit Opportunity Act prohibits discrimination
in consumer credit practices based on sex. (Lindy Boggs added the
provision without informing fellow committee members)
The Big Backlash Begins
Jan - The "March for Life", an annual rally protesting both the
practice and legality of abortion was organized for the first
Four Sisters put there foot down and make the world turn
Washington: Before Barack there was Barbara
Barbara Charline Jordan (@ 38yrs), lawyer, educator,
politician, and Civil Rights leader.
Born and raised in Houston
Democrat and the first African American elected to the Texas
After Reconstruction, the first Southern African-American woman
elected to the HOR
Best known for her eloquent opening statement at the House
Judiciary Committee hearings during the impeachment process against
Also, the first African-American and the first woman to deliver
a keynote address at a Democratic National Convention in 1976.
Her sexual orientation has never been determined, but some
sources list her as a lesbian.
Bill Clinton said that he wanted to nominate Jordan for the
SCOTUS, but by the time he could, she had health problems.
Died at the age of 59 due to complications from pneumonia in
The sophisticated Songstress
Roberta Cleopatra Flack (@37 yrs.), Singer-songwriter,
Known for her #1 singles "The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face",
"Killing Me Softly with His Song" and "Feel Like Makin' Love", and
for "Where Is the Love" and "The Closer I Get to You", two of her
many duets with Donny Hathaway.
She was the first, and remains the only, solo artist to win the
Grammy Award for ROY on two consecutive years
The "Black B**ch" (Her words)
Diahann Carroll (@39yrs): Actress, singer and model
Known for performances in some of the earliest major studio
films to feature black casts, Carmen Jones (1954) and Porgy and
Julia (1968) broke ground for being one of the first shows on
TV to star a black woman in a non-stereotypical role.
Also played Dominique Deveraux in the TV show Dynasty.
The Anti-Mammy Machine
Esther Rolle (@54yrs): Actress.
Born and raised in Pompano Beach, Florida
Best known for her role as Florida Evans
She was the tenth of 18 children.
Iron-willed and PROUD
Her father insisted she promise to never become a servant or
maid in real life.
Question: These four women broke down barriers, without the
help of the National Organization of Women. Are white women
reliable allies for black women?
Conclusion: The more things change the more they seem to stay
Top "Black" pop singles
3 - "Love's Theme", Love Unlimited Orchestra
5 - "Dancing Machine", The Jackson 5
7 - "TSOP (The Sound of Philadelphia)", MFSB
11 - "Until You Come Back to Me (That's What I'm Gonna Do)",
12 - "Jungle Boogie", Kool & the Gang
14 - "You Make Me Feel Brand New", The Stylistics
15 - "Show and Tell", Al Wilson
19 - "Sideshow", Blue Magic
30 - "Boogie Down", Eddie Kendricks
34 - "Best Thing That Ever Happened to Me", Gladys Knight &
35 - "Feel Like Makin' Love", Roberta Flack
36 - "Just Don't Want to Be Lonely", The Main Ingredient
37 - "Nothing from Nothing", Billy Preston
38 - "Rock Your Baby", George McCrae
Jan Imagination, Gladys Knight & the Pips
Feb Stone Gon', Barry White
Feb Ship Ahoy, The O'Jays
Feb Livin' for You, Al Green
Mar Love Is the Message, MFSB
Apr Boogie Down, Eddie Kendricks
May The Payback, James Brown
May Let Me in Your Life, Aretha Franklin
May Open Our Eyes, Earth, Wind & Fire
Jun Mighty Love, The Spinners
Jun War Live, War
Jul Body Heat, Quincy Jones
Jul Claudine, Soundtrack / Gladys Knight & the Pips
Aug Skin Tight, The Ohio Players
Aug Marvin Gaye, Live!, Marvin Gaye
Sep That Nigger's Crazy, Richard Pryor
Oct Fulfillingness' First Finale, Stevie Wonder
Nov Live It Up, The Isley Brothers
Nov Can't Get Enough, Barry White
Dec I Feel a Song, Gladys Knight & the Pips
George Edward Clinton (@33yrs), The Prime Minister of Funk,
a.k.a. Dr. Funkenstein, a.k.a, Star Child: Singer, songwriter,
bandleader, and record producer.
Born in Kannapolis, NC, he grew up in Plainfield, New Jersey.
Clinton became interested in doo wop during the early ’50s. Basing
his group on Frankie Lymon & the Teenagers, Clinton formed The
Parliaments in 1955, rehearsing in the back room of a Plainfield
barbershop where he straightened hair. The Parliaments released
only two singles during the next ten years, but frequent trips to
Detroit during the mid-’60s – where Clinton began working as a
songwriter and producer – eventually paid off their investment. The
Parliaments finally had a hit with the 1967 single “(I Wanna)
Testify”. But his label ran out of money and George refused to
record any new material. When the label was bought out by Atlantic,
Clinton decided to abandon the Parliaments name rather than record
for the major label and record the same band under a new name:
Funkadelic. (In 1970 he regained the rights to The Parliaments
name) Inspired by Motown ‘s assembly line of sound, He gradually
put together a collective of over 50 musicians and recorded during
the ’70s both as Parliament and Funkadelic. While Funkadelic
pursued band-format psychedelic rock, Parliament engaged in a funk
free-for-all, blending influences from the godfathers (James Brown
and Sly Stone) with freaky costumes and themes inspired by ’60s
acid culture and science fiction. He is regarded, along with James
Brown and Sly Stone, as one of the foremost innovators of funk
music. He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1997,
alongside 15 other members of Parliament-Funkadelic.
Kool & the Gang, "Best Band Ever!?!?"
Formed in Jersey City, New Jersey in 1964 by brothers Robert
"Kool" Bell and Ronald Bell. They have explored many musical
styles: jazz, soul, funk, rock, and pop music. After three albums,
the band had commercial success with Wild and Peaceful (1973) which
contained the US top ten singles "Jungle Boogie" and "Hollywood
Swinging". They reached a commercial peak between 1979 and
1986 following their partnership with Brazilian musician Eumir
Deodato and the addition of singer James "J.T." Taylor to the
line-up. Their most successful albums of this period include
Ladies' Night (1979), Celebrate! (1980), and Emergency (1984), and
the hit singles "Ladies' Night", "Celebration", "Get Down on It",
"Joanna", and "Cherish". The band continues to perform to this
Question: What makes a track funky?
Movie Scene - Royal Black Hollywood Strikes Back
Both movies were deliberate attempts to counter the
Claudine - "The Poverty Technician" (Plot)
The film tells the story of Claudine Price (Diahann Carroll), a
single Black Harlem mother, living on welfare with six children,
who finds love with a garbage collector, Rupert Marshall (James
Earl Jones), whom she calls "Roop". The pair's relationship becomes
complicated because of several factors. Among these are that the
couple do not want to marry because they would not be able to
support the children without welfare, and that the kids themselves,
particularly eldest son Charles (Lawrence Hilton-Jacobs), are
apprehensive of Rupert, and believe that he will leave their mother
just like her previous husbands had. Claudine and Rupert meet while
both are at work. Rupert asks Claudine out on a date with him and
Claudine accepts. When Rupert becomes invited inside Claudine's
apartment, the children are rude and vulgar towards Rupert. This is
also the first time the audience meets the children and sees the
inside of Claudine's slum-like apartment. Later, in the film, the
audience finds out that Claudine receives financial aid from the
government through the welfare program. Throughout the film, Miss
Kabak, the social worker, visits Claudine at her home and asks her
if she is employed and if she is dating anyone. Claudine always
denies Miss Kabak the truth and lies to her about being unemployed
and single. If Claudine tells the truth and says that she is
employed, the amount of financial aid she receives from the welfare
program would decrease or she could also no longer receive any more
financial aid. If Claudine dates anyone and receives gifts from her
boyfriend, the social worker must deduct any money or gifts
Claudine is receiving from whomever she is dating. Just before he
is to announce his engagement to Claudine to the kids, Rupert is
served papers for a court order relating to underpayment of child
support of his own children; his work wages are garnished to pay
the difference. Rupert becomes so upset about this that he
disappears for a couple of days and loses contact with everyone. He
moves out of his apartment, does not show up to work, and does not
show up to the Father's Day celebration the children had prepared
for him. Charles eventually finds him drunk at a bar and angrily
confronts him. Charles is angry at Rupert because he left his
mother without any explanation. Out of the anger Charles felt for
Rupert, he engages in a physical fight with him. After the incident
at the bar, Rupert eventually shows up outside of Claudine's
apartment and speaks to her. After some time, the couple talk
things over and make up. After several hardships and debating over
whether they should marry because of financial issues relating to
welfare, the couple decide to marry. They hold a wedding ceremony,
but it is interrupted when Charles runs inside the apartment in the
middle of the ceremony while the police are chasing after him. The
couple and the rest of the children run after Charles, leave the
ceremony, and board the police wagon. The film ends on a cheery
note with the entire family, along with Rupert, walking happily
hand in hand through the neighborhood.
Question: Should welfare be (a) reformed or (b) avoided? What
would a or b look like?
Conclusion: Regardless of the message, Gladys' music was on hit
(3rd #1 R&B LP) and Diahann Carroll was great, she was
nominated for Best Actress at the Academy Awards in 1975.
Uptown Saturday Night - "The Good Guys (Sidney & Bill) Get
While enjoying themselves at Madame Zenobia's club on Saturday
Night, Steve Jackson (Poitier) and Wardell Franklin (Cosby) are
held up by robbers who raid the club, taking Steve's wallet as a
result. Upon realizing that a winning lottery ticket worth $50,000
is in the wallet, they set out to find the crooks themselves.
Determined to retrieve the ticket, they search for it using the
help of gangster Geechie Dan Beauford (Belafonte), who wants to
defeat his rival Silky Slim (Lockhart). Using their wit,
perseverance, and fearlessness, Steve and Wardell devise a plan to
get the ticket using the help of both gangsters, in the hopes that
it will pay off for them.
Question: Is this truly anti-Blaxploitation or just another
Television Scene - A Tale of 2 Black Families
That's My Mama, "Warm and Fuzzy" (1 season, 1974-75)
Set in a middle-class African American neighborhood in
Washington, D.C., the program revolved around the character Clifton
Curtis (played by Clifton Davis), a man in his mid-20s who worked
as a barber at Oscar's Barber Shop, the family barber shop he had
inherited from his late father. While Clifton enjoyed being a
bachelor, his loving, but tart-tongued and opinionated mother
Eloise "Mama" Curtis, played by Theresa Merritt, wanted him to
settle down and find a nice wife. Additional characters – such as
Clifton's two best friends—Earl, played by Teddy Wilson, an
easy-going mailman and Junior, played by Ted Lange, a suave and
good-humored ladies' man—came and went over the course of a typical
day at Oscar's Barber Shop. Other characters included Tracy,
Clifton's little sister, played by Lynne Moody and later by Joan
Pringle and her husband, Leonard, played by Lisle Wilson, as well
as local seniors Josh and Wildcat, played by DeForest Covan and
Jester Hairston. Clifton Davis and Hairston would work together
again years later in the hit sitcom, Amen.
Conclusion: Never a ratings success.
Good Times, "Classic" (6 seasons, 1974-1979) (Plot)
Florida and James Evans live in a Chicago housing project and
have three children: James Jr., also known as "J.J."; Thelma; and
Michael, called "the militant midget" by his father due to his
passionate activism. When the series begins, J.J. is seventeen
years old, Thelma is sixteen, and Michael is eleven. Their
exuberant neighbor, and Florida's best friend, is Willona Woods, a
recent divorcée who works at a boutique. Their building
superintendent is Nathan Bookman. The characters originated on the
sitcom Maude. Episodes deal with the characters' attempts to
overcome poverty. GT was intended to be a good show for Esther
Rolle and John Amos. Both expected the show to deal with serious
topics in a comedic way while providing positive characters.
However, J.J. became the breakout character. As a result, the
writers focused more on J.J.'s comedic antics instead of serious
issues. Through seasons two and three, Rolle and Amos grew
increasingly disillusioned with the direction of the show. Rolle
was vocal about it: "He's 18 and he doesn't work. He can't read or
write. He doesn't think. The show didn't start out to be
that...Little by little—with the help of the artist, I suppose,
because they couldn't do that to me—they have made J.J. more stupid
and enlarged the role. Negative images have been slipped in on us
through the character of the oldest child." Jimmie Walker was the
only cast member to not show at Rolle's funeral. Amos also spoke
out: "The writers would prefer to put a chicken hat on J.J. and
have him prance around saying "DY-NO-MITE", and that way they could
waste a few minutes and not have to write meaningful dialogue."
Amos was ultimately fired after just 3 seasons.
Question: Did/do you know anyone in real life like J.J.?
Conclusion: They didn't recast James Evans, they just killed
him off and Esther was playing a single mom after all. She quit
after season 4.